Samples & Case Study Review Sample (2023)

DescriAnswer all 4 questions.
HA2022 Business Law, Tri 3, 2011
1. Margaret owned an antique store that specialised in rare porcelain dolls. When she
opened the business in 1989, it was at a shop in an eastern suburb of Melbourne. In 1999
she started to advertise on the Internet and by 2006 the business had grown to the point
where she needed help to keep the business going. After a family discussion one night at
the kitchen table in July 2006, it was agreed that Margaret would probably keep the
business going for another couple of years and then retire. Emily, her youngest daughter
and aged 16, would work in the shop as long as was needed and in return, she would
receive any unsold dolls. When Margaret retired at the end of 2009, she decided that she
would give the unsold stock to charity and they could auction it and keep the proceeds.
Advise Emily.
2. Richard, an impoverished university student, and his millionaire father enter into an
arrangement where Richard agrees that he will keep the front- and backyards of the
family property mowed, and he will ‘do a bit’ to keep the gardens looking tidy. In return,
his father agrees to pay him a weekly allowance of $200. His father had previously used a
garden contractor to do the job and paid him $350. They live on a one-hectare property,
and the mowing alone takes half a day a week. After four weeks, Richard’s father tells him
that he can’t afford to pay $200 a week. He says that Richard should be doing the work
for nothing, as it is the responsibility of the whole family to look after the property;
besides, he says, Richard is getting free board and lodging. Advise Richard.
3. Jenny received a circular from Beauty and the Beast Hair Salon advertising massages and
manicures for $10. Realising that this was an exceptionally good deal, but not surprised
because she knew that they had only just opened and were running a number of good
opening specials, she rang and made a booking. When Jenny arrived at the salon she was
told that there had been a mistake on the circular and it should have said $100. The
manager of the salon explained that this was still a good price because normally a
massage and manicure would have cost $150. Jenny was furious, as it had taken her 30
minutes to get to the shop by car and if she had known it would cost $100, she would
never have made the booking. Advise Jenny. Would your advice have been any different if
Jenny had the massage and manicure before being told that the cost was $100? Would
she have to pay the full price?
4. Bruce, while he was so drunk that he didn’t know what he was doing, bid successfully at
an auction for the purchase of a house. It was clear to the auctioneer that Bruce didn’t
know what he was doing. However, after Bruce sobered up he confirmed the contract
with the auctioneer. He then subsequently refused to complete the contract. Is Bruce be bound your assignment


  1. Issues: There was an oral agreement between Margret and Emily but at the time of entering into agreement Emily was a minor i.e. under the age of 18 years. Basically there are two issues involved in it, first whether Emily can confirm the agreement between them as a contract after attaining majority? Second whether Emily has the right to bind Margret under the agreement between them.

Law: A contract with a Minor can be valid, void or voidable at the option of the minor. [Business Law, 2009] The contract entered by the minor for the benefits of service paid by him is a valid contract. A minor has a right to repudiate contract after attaining the age of majority and escape from the liability or can reaffirm that.

Application: Here, Margaret agreed to give Emily the unsold stocks against the service provided by her but at the time of retirement she announces to give the unsold stocks in charity. Emily can make Margret to comply with the terms of agreement as it was a legally enforceable agreement. It is only Emily who can make the contract void after attaining the age of majority. But this option can be exercised by her only during her minority once she attained the age of majority. Once she does nothing during her minority to repudiate the contract, she can not make it void after that. [Mance, 2011]

(Video) Case Study Template

Conclusion: Therefore in this situation, in 2009 the agreement became legally enforceable and Emily has all the rights as a party to the contract, so she can bring a suit in the court of Law against Margret to take all the benefits.

  1. Issues: The agreement between Richard and his father comes under the category of social or domestic contracts. Issue involved here is about the validity of contract between Richard and his Father and Richard claim his money from him?

Law: For any agreement to be legally binding the parties must have the intention to create a legal relationship. This is the third essential ingredient of a valid contract. But the Law presumes that the domestic or social agreements do not have this intent to legal bind it. However it can be presented before the court that there exists the intention of legally binding each other but it is very difficult to reverse the presumption of law. [ Asif, 2009] It is also presumed that the domestic contract between parent and child is not intended to be legally binding and it was held in the case of Jones v Padvattan.

But the situation will be different when parties express their clear intention of making the contract legally binding enter into the contract.

Application: Richard agreed to mow the front land and garden of his house and in return his father will give him $ 200. This amount may be treated as the consideration of the contract between them. The work needed much time and labor. Richard relying on the statement of his father started doing the work. In contractual terms he was performing his part of contract and after four weeks of his labor his father refused to pay the agreed amount of $200. As held by many the honorable courts in many contractual cases related to performance of the contract that the person who proceeded with his part of performance must not be deprived from getting his reward. Such as, in Hoeing v Issac and Bolton v Mahadeva, where the court ordered the defendants to pay the amount for their substantial performance. [Wallis, 2008]

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Conclusion: Therefore Richard is entitled for the payment for his labor of four weeks, he can move to the court of law to enforce his right against his father.

  1. In the case of Jenny, the circular which she got was an advertisement of the salon which was distributed to a large number of people not only to Jenny. (Carlill v carbolic Smoke Pvt. Co.) Now the question is whether Jenny can bind the salon for misrepresentation? Or can she claim compensation for her loss as she moved from her place relying on the offer made by the salon.

Law: An advertisement of this kind where attractive services or goods are to be provided at a cheap price is not an offer to the person to just accept it and make the contract binding. [Partridge v Crittenden, 1968] This kind of agreement is the invitation to treat. This means an open invitation to public to make offers and the service provider or shopkeeper will accept it. It is also not necessary that the person making such advertisement is bound to sell the product on the same price mentioned. The circular by the salon comes under the same category where the prices were also mentioned. [Grainer & Sons v Gough, 1895]

Application of Law: Jenny relying on the price listed in the circular made the appointment and after reaching to the salon after driving her car for almost 30 minutes was told that it was not the right price for which she was asking. It was mistakenly mentioned and the correct price is $100. According to the Law Jenny cannot force them to provide that service for the low price mentioned in the circular, she can only make the claim for loss she suffered in reaching the salon as it took almost 30 mins. The principle relating to the revocation of offer is that an offer can be revoked at any by the offeror before acceptance as was held in Dickinson v Dodds in 1876. [Composition of an agreement, 2012]

Conclusion: Hence, Jenny can revoke the offer made by her and no need to pay any charges to the Salon but if she had taken their service and then after it was disclosed by the salon that the original price is $100 and not $10, Jenny would have the legal right to sue them for Damages on the grounds of misrepresentation and non disclosure of essential facts.

(Video) Types of Case Study [Explanation with Examples]

  1. Issue: Here in this case the issue is about the validity of contract made by a drunken person who is not in his senses at the time of entering into it.

Law: The general rule about contract is that any person can enter into a contract but he has to have the mental capacity and enough maturity to understand the terms and conditions of the contract. The reason behind the principle is that law does not want that one party can take advantage of the mental inability of the other party. Generally courts do not enforce the contract made by the person who is voluntarily drunk and in capable to understand the contract and he can escape from the liability of the contract. [Mance, 2012]

Application of Law: Bruce was so drunk that he did not knew that he was actually bidding at the auction. The auctioneer also knew this. He would have escaped the liability of the auction contract by simply disavowing it as soon as he sobs but he did not do this in fact he approves the contract with the auctioneer.

Conclusion: Therefore the contract will be a valid contract and Bruce will be bound by the contract with auctioneer. Further he will have all the liabilities under an auction contract.


(Video) UML Use Case Diagram Tutorial

  1. ‘Business Law’, 2009, Ppt, viewed on 21st May2012 from
  2. Ken La Mance, 2011, ‘Minors and Contract lawyers’, Legal Match viewed on 21st May 2012 from
  3. Asif Tufail, 2009, ‘Intention To create Legal Relationship’, viewed on 21st May 2012 from
  4. Chris Wallis, ‘Breach of Contract- Performance, Breach and Frustration’, 2008, University of Ballard, viewed on 22nd May 2012 from
  5. Ppt on ‘Composition of an agreement’, 2012, University of Ballard, viewed on 21st May 2012 from
  6. Ken La Mance, 2011, ‘Capacity to contract Lawyer’, Legal Match, viewed on 21st may 2012 from

Case Laws:

  1. Hoeing v Issac [1952] 2 All ER 176
  2. Bolton v Mahadeva [1972] 2 All ER 1322 (177)
  3. Jones v Padvattan [1969] 2 All ER 618
  4. Carlill v carbolic Smoke Pvt. Co.
  5. Partridge v Crittenden, [1968] 1 WLR 1204
  6. Grainer & Sons v Gough, [1895] AC 325, 334
  7. Dickinson v Dodds [1876] 2 Ch D 463


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Samples & Case Study Review Sample (1) Samples & Case Study Review Sample (2)


What is review of case study? ›

First, case studies should be significant; that is, they should be of general interest and should deal with important issues. Second, they should be complete. Third, case studies should consider alternative perspectives to avoid presenting only one side of a story. Fourth, they must display sufficient evidence.

What is case study research sample? ›

Case studies involve analysis of small data sets, such as one or two companies, that may lead the researcher to gain some insights about trends in relevant industries. For example, a case study about the Mitsubishi car company might be used to generalise about similar companies in the automobile industry.

How do you write an introduction for a case study sample? ›

How to write a case study response
  1. Introduction. Introduce the main purpose of the case study and briefly outline the overall problem to be solved.
  2. Description. Write a brief description of the case under discussion giving an outline of the main issues involved. ...
  3. Discussion. ...
  4. Conclusion / Recommendations.
10 Feb 2022

What are the 3 methods of case study? ›

He has helpfully characterised three main types of case study: intrinsic, instrumental and collective[8]. An intrinsic case study is typically undertaken to learn about a unique phenomenon.

What are the types of case study? ›

Types of Case Studies
  • Illustrative Case Studies. These are primarily descriptive studies. ...
  • Exploratory (or pilot) Case Studies. ...
  • Cumulative Case Studies. ...
  • Critical Instance Case Studies. ...
  • Individual Theories. ...
  • Organizational Theories. ...
  • Social Theories. ...
  • Strengths.

How do you write a case study answer? ›

There are several steps to writing an answer to a case study assignment:
  7. STEP 7: SUBMIT.

How do you review a report? ›

  1. Give positive feedback first. ...
  2. Briefly summarize what the paper is about and what the findings are.
  3. Try to put the findings of the paper into the context of the existing literature and current knowledge.
  4. Indicate the significance of the work and if it is novel or mainly confirmatory.

What is the sample size for a case study? ›

Typically, a case study has a sample of one (i.e., the bounded case, but note that sam- pling can also occur within the case), unless the research project is a multiple-case study. In a multiple-case study, having three to four distinct cases for comparison is probably the most cases that one can realistically handle.

How do you write a case study research question? ›

How To Write A Research Question for Case Studies - YouTube

What is case study easy words? ›

a case study can be defined as an intensive study about a person, a group of people or a unit, which is aimed to generalize over several units'.1 A case study has also been described as an intensive, systematic investigation of a single individual, group, community or some other unit in which the researcher examines in ...

What are the 5 essential elements of a great case study? ›

5 essential elements of effective case studies
  • What's so special about case studies? A case study brings your products and services to life by demonstrating how they work in the real world. ...
  • The problem. ...
  • Your solution or strategy. ...
  • A testimonial. ...
  • Stats. ...
  • A call to action.
12 Sept 2021

What are the characteristics of good case study? ›

Here are 7 characteristics of an effective case study.
  • Builds A Good Story. ...
  • Involves Interesting Characters. ...
  • Uses Realistic Scenarios. ...
  • Makes Corporate Learners Think Critically. ...
  • Applies Knowledge Of The Online Training Course. ...
  • Actively Engages Corporate Learners. ...
  • Utilizes Branching Scenarios.
19 Oct 2018

What are the 6 parts of case study? ›

6 parts of a case analysis
  • Preparation. Just like with any study, it's important to first prepare to conduct the case analysis. ...
  • Introduction. ...
  • Background information. ...
  • Proposed solutions. ...
  • Recommendations. ...
  • Review.

What is conclusion in case study? ›

What to put in your case study conclusions. A case study ending is your opportunity to bring some closure to the story that you are writing. So, you can use it to mention the status of the project (e.g., is it ongoing or has it ended?) and then to demonstrate the impact that your work has had.

What is another word for case study? ›

What is another word for case study?
238 more rows

What are the objectives of case study? ›

The general purpose of a case study is to: → describe an individual situation (case), e.g. a person, business, organisation, or institution, in detail; → identify the key issues of the case (your assignment question should tell you what to focus on); → analyse the case using relevant theoretical concepts from your unit ...

Why case study is important? ›

Case studies capture a range of perspectives, as opposed to the single view of an individual you get with a survey response or interview. This gives the opportunity to gain a greater understanding of the subject in hand and reduces the potential for any bias, by diluting the agenda of a particular individual.

How do you collect data from a case study? ›

Case study research typically includes multiple data collection techniques and data are collected from multiple sources. Data collection techniques include interviews, observations (direct and participant), questionnaires, and relevant documents (Yin, 2014).

What are the five steps to write a case study? ›

Here's how to write a case study:
  • Open with an introductory overview. ...
  • Explain the problem in question. ...
  • Detail the solutions implemented to solve the problem. ...
  • Refer to key results. ...
  • Finish with recommendations and next steps.
13 Aug 2021

How do you write a case report? ›

Case reports should encompass the following five sections: an abstract, an introduction with a literature review, a description of the case report, a discussion that includes a detailed explanation of the literature review, and a brief summary of the case and a conclusion.

What are the parts of case study? ›

6 parts of a case analysis
  • Preparation. Just like with any study, it's important to first prepare to conduct the case analysis. ...
  • Introduction. ...
  • Background information. ...
  • Proposed solutions. ...
  • Recommendations. ...
  • Review.

How do you write a case study answer? ›

There are several steps to writing an answer to a case study assignment:
  7. STEP 7: SUBMIT.

How many steps are in a case study? ›

It discusses the seven steps employed in a case study approach, namely: (1) Justification for the research paradigm and research methodology, (2) Justification for the case study method, (3) Criteria for judging the quality of case study design (4) Designing the case study, (5) Criteria for selecting a case design, (6) ...

What is another word for case study? ›

What is another word for case study?
238 more rows

Is a case study the same as a case report? ›

A case study, also known as a case report, is an in depth or intensive study of a single individual or specific group, while a case series is a grouping of similar case studies / case reports together.

What is the purpose of a case report? ›

Case reports are a rapid means of dissemination of information vital to the practice of medicine. Case reports also serve as important educational tools to both authors and readers.

How do you write an abstract for a case study? ›

An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of 300 words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence that includes: 1) the overall purpose of the study and the research problem(s) you investigated; 2) the basic design of the study; 3) major findings or trends found as a result of your ...


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